In 2015 Formula One returned to the Autodromo Hermanos Rodríguez in Mexico City after a 23-year absence. The 4.305km (2.675-mile) circuit has been heavily revised since it last hosted a grand prix, in 1992, but it remains on its original site in the Magdalena Mixhuca Park and it retains its name, in memory of the Rodríguez brothers, Pedro and Ricardo.
The circuit was originally built in 1962 in a public park, and that is not the only similarity to Monza. There are some fast straights and rapid corners that are quite similar to those of the legendary Milan track.
The current circuit has been heavily revised, most noticeably the Peraltada - the final corner before the pit straight - where only half of the original profile has been retained, for safety reasons. The first half of the original banked 180-degree right-hander has now been replaced with a technical stadium section, similar to Hockenheim.
The layout consists of seven left-handers and 10 right-handers, but the 1.314km (0.816-mile) pit straight has perhaps the biggest influence on car set-up. To achieve a predicted top speed of 328km/h (204mph), the cars will need to maximise a delicate trade-off between aerodynamic downforce and drag, and complicating matters further is the altitude.
Situated at 2,200 metres (7,218 feet), the Autodromo is considerably higher than any other venue in F1. There is only 78 per cent of the oxygen available at sea level, which changes the performance characteristics of the car and the power unit. The turbo has to spin faster to compensate for the lack of oxygen entering the ICE (internal combustion engine) and the thinner air means the car generates less aerodynamic downforce at any given wing level.
Many of the faster sections of track have been altered since the last race. The Esses have been modified in the name of safety and the notorious final corner, Peraltada, is no longer included in its entirety. The banked 180-degree right-hander is now preceded by a stadium section, from which the cars emerge in second gear halfway around Peraltada.
Fast Facts - Provided by the FIA
2016 marked the 17th Formula One Mexican Grand Prix. The race was first held in 1963 at the circuit then called Magdalena Mixhuca. The circuit had held a non-championship race the previous year during which local hero Ricardo Rodríguez, a rising star of Ferrari's works programme, was killed. The circuit was later renamed the Autodrómo Hermanos Rodríguez in honour of Ricardo and racing driver brother Pedro, who scored two grand prix wins in a career that encompassed 54 grand prix starts between 1963 and his death in a sports car race in 1971.
Mexico has hosted Formula One in two phases, from 1963-1970 and then from 1986-1992.
The 1963 race was won by Jim Clark, driving for Lotus. The Scot added another victory in 1967, for the same team, and he sits at the top of the list of multiple winners alongside Alain Prost (1988 and 1990) and Nigel Mansell (1987 and 1992).
Lotus, Williams and McLaren all have three Mexican Grand Prix wins to their name. Lotus' victories came in 1963, '67 and '68, the last courtesy of Graham Hill. Williams took wins in 1987, 1991 and 1992, the first and last being delivered by Nigel Mansell and the other by Riccardo Patrese. McLaren's trio came courtesy of Denny Hulme in 1969, Alain Prost in 1988 and Ayrton Senna in 1989.
John Surtees won the 1964 Drivers' Championship title at the Mexican Grand Prix. In so doing he became the only man to win world championships on two and four wheels, having taken four 500cc and three 350ccc motorcycle titles between 1956 and 1960.
The 1965 race saw the first win for Honda as a constructor in Formula One, with American Richie Ginther scoring his only F1 win. Since then Honda has taken just two more wins as a constructor, at the 1967 Italian Grand Prix, with Surtees at the wheel, and in Hungary in 2006, with Jenson Button driving. As an engine supplier, however, the Japanese marque has taken another 69 wins.
Gerhard Berger took his maiden grand prix win at the 1986 Mexican Grand Prix. He would go on to claim a further nine victories across a 210-start career, the last coming at the 1997 German Grand Prix. Berger's 1986 Mexico win was also the first for Benetton. Racing under that name the team took a further 26 victories. The team's lineage continues to this day as Lotus.
Michael Schumacher claimed his first career podium finish here in 1992, also for Benetton. He would appear on the podium a further 154 times, with the last coming at the 2012 European Grand Prix, at which he finished third.
Six Mexicans have raced in F1. Force India's Sergio Pérez has the most starts, the 2015 weekend set to be the Guadalajara native's 91st since 2011. Next on the list is Ferrari test driver Esteban Gutierrez, who made 38 starts for Sauber between 2013 and 2015. He is followed by Pedro Rodríguez, who raced for Lotus, Ferrari, Cooper and BRM. Hector Rebaque made 41 starts from 1977-1981 driving a Lotus and racing for Hesketh, his own Rebaque team and Brabham, while Moisés Solana made eight starts between 1963 and 1968 driving a BRM and racing for Lotus and Cooper. Ricardo Rodríguez made five starts for Ferrari in 1961-1962.